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Heart surgery can correct problems with the heart if other treatments haven't worked or can't be used. The most common type of heart surgery for adults is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to a blocked coronary (heart) artery.
Doctors also use heart surgery to
- Repair or replace heart valves, which control blood flow through the heart
- Repair abnormal or damaged structures in the heart
- Implant medical devices that help control the heartbeat or support heart function and blood flow
- Replace a damaged heart with a healthy heart from a donor
- Treat heart failure and coronary heart disease
- Control abnormal heart rhythms
Heart surgery has risks, even though its results often are excellent. Risks include bleeding, infection, irregular heartbeats, and stroke. The risk is higher if you are older or a woman. The risk is also higher if you have other diseases or conditions, such as diabetes, kidney disease, lung disease, or peripheral arterial disease.
Many people with an implanted heart device resume their normal daily activities after full recovery from surgery. However, there may be certain situations that your doctor will ask you to avoid. Your doctor or nurse will provide guidance for your particular condition, but these are some general guidelines to follow after your recovery.
As with any medical procedure, there are risks involved in a heart device implant and results may vary. Talk to your doctor about any specific concerns or activities — such as returning to work or participating in exercise or sports — that you may have. After you receive your heart device you may also still have to take medication as directed and periodically your doctor will need to monitor your device.
Cardiac Nursing has a place with that works with patients who experience the ill effects of different states of the cardiovascular framework. Cardiovascular medical caretakers or cardiac nurses cure those conditions, for example, unsteady angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary course sickness, congestive heart disappointment, myocardial dead tissue and heart dysrhythmia under the supervision of a cardiologist. Heart medical nurse practitioners have the real work to do in basic circumstance. They are prepared for various practice range, including coronary consideration units (CCU), heart catheterization, serious patient consideration units (ICU), working theaters, cardiovascular recovery focuses, cardiovascular consideration focus clinical exploration, cardiovascular surgery wards, cardiovascular concentrated consideration units (CVICU), and cardiovascular restorative wards
Cardiovascular pharmacology deals with the medication of cardiac diseases. The Cardiac Drugs are used to treat conditions of the heart or the circulatory or vascular system. Many classes of cardiovascular agents are available to treat the various cardiovascular conditions. In this sub topic we have Sodium, potassium, calcium channel blockers, ACE-inhibitors and Cardiac biomarkers.
- Cardiovascular drugs
- Drug Discovery
- Cardiac Medications
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin. These electrodes detect the tiny electrical changes on the skin that arise from the <a a="" during="" heart="" data-cke-saved-href="\" href="\" pattern="" title="\" cardiac"="">heartbeat. It is very commonly performed to detect any cardiac problems.
Cardiac catheterizations can help cardiologists diagnose and treat many different heart problems.
\r\n The procedure may be done on kids or teens to:
- \r\n Look at how the heart and blood vessels are formed and connected. \r\n
- \r\n Check the pressures and oxygen levels in the heart and blood vessels. \r\n
- \r\n Treat a congenital heart defect (a heart problem that a baby is born with). \r\n
- \r\n Treat an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). \r\n
- \r\n Open up narrowed blood vessels (called angioplasty ). \r\n
\r\n Repair leaky or narrow heart valves.
Angiograms are performed in the catheterization (cath) lab of a hospital. Your health care team will give you specific instructions and talk to you about any medications you take. General guidelines include:
- Don't eat or drink anything after midnight before your angiogram.
- Take all your medications to the hospital with you in their original bottles. Ask your doctor about whether or not to take your usual morning medications.
- If you have diabetes, ask your doctor if you should take insulin or other oral medications before your angiogram.
Cardiovascular surgeons operate on your heart and blood vessels to repair damage caused by diseases or disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Many times, a diagnosis of heart disease begins with your primary care doctor, who refers you to a cardiologist. If your cardiologist decides that you need surgery, he or she refers you to a cardiovascular surgeon, who becomes a new member of your heart-health team. (Even after heart surgery, you remain under the care of your cardiologist.)
Cardiovascular surgeons perform many different types of operations, including heart valve repair and replacement, heart defect repair, coronary artery bypass, aneurysm repair, transmyocardial laser revascularization, and heart transplantation. They also perform operations on the blood vessels in your body, including the aorta—the body’s main blood supplier. Heart surgery today may also include the use or implantation of ventricular assist devices (VADs), mechanical devices that “assist” the failing heart by helping it pump blood throughout the body.
Health societies recommend the use of echocardiography for initial diagnosis when a change in the patient's clinical status occurs and when new data from an echocardiogram would result in the physician changing the patient's care. Health societies do not recommend routine testing when the patient has no change in clinical status or when a physician is unlikely to change care for the patient based on the results of testing.
A common example of overuse of echocardiography when not indicated is the use of routine testing in response to a patient diagnosis of mild
A physician may recommend cardiac imaging to support a diagnosis of a heart condition.
<a a="" data-cke-saved-href="\" href="\" medical="" title="\" professional"="">professional organizations discourage the use of routine cardiac imaging during pre-operative assessment for patients about to undergo low or mid-risk non-cardiac surgery because the procedure carries risks and is unlikely to result in the change of a patient's management. Stress cardiac imaging is discouraged in the evaluation of patients without cardiac symptoms or in routine follow-ups
Since a pacemaker only administers low-energy impulses, it is not designed for times when a person begins to experience ventricular fibrillation, a condition where the heart quivers rather than beats. It is also possible for a pacemaker to malfunction, failing to deliver the lifesaving intervention. However, every AED instruction kit will say not to use an AED on a person with a pacemaker.
External defibrillation may still be necessary for a person with a pacemaker. If the implanted pacemaker delivers a low-energy shock while you are attempting to use an AED or another defibrillator, you simply wait for 30 to 60 seconds for the pacemaker to complete its therapy cycle before administering the shock. While it is possible that the energy from an external defibrillator, AED or otherwise, may damage the pacemaker, these devices are designed to withstand external defibrillation.
If you pair regular exercise with a well-balanced diet, you'll notice immediate changes in mood and energy levels. More importantly, consistently eating well and exercising will improve your health and extend your lifespan. The guidelines are relatively simple: engage in at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise and two full-body strength training sessions each week and eat a nutritionally diverse diet, low in fat and sodium, but high in fiber. Ask your health care provider to help you devise a more detailed diet and fitness plan.
- Weight Control
The Division of Pediatric Cardiology is responsible for the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, and electrophysiology studies, and for the on-going management of the sequel of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. The various Inflammatory heart diseases include Myocarditis, Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood illness that affects the blood vessels. There are also other Pericardial diseases that can present clinically as acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis. Infective endocarditis is a form of endocarditis. It is an inflammation of the inner tissues of the heart.